UNDERSTANDING UTERUS CANCER
In women, uterine cancer is the most common form of cancer. In uterine cancer, healthy cells change and grow out of control, forming a mass called a tumor. A cancerous tumor can grow and spread to other parts of the body, while a benign tumor can grow, but will not spread.
SYMPTOMS OF UTERUS CANCER
HOW TO DIAGNOSE?
Doctors may recommend a pelvic examination and physical examination to patients who are experiencing symptoms of endometrial or uterus cancer. It is primarily detected by ultrasound and endometrial tissue sampling.
In this process doctor try to ask some basic questions like, symptoms, pain, to understand the condition.
When performing a pelvic ultrasound, the doctor moves a transducer over the skin of the lower abdomen.
To obtain a transvaginal ultrasound, a probe is inserted through the vagina to provide a more detailed view of the uterus. It detects tumors in the uterus, thicker endometrium’s, and any abnormalities in the myometrium, the muscle-covered layer of the uterus.
It is possible to detect a tumor marker in blood tests. Pancreatic cancer cells release carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9, which may indicate a tumor when present at high levels.
In most cases of endometrial cancer, endometrial biopsy is performed. To remove the endometrium, the doctor inserts a thin, flexible tube into the uterus and suctions it out. Before the procedure, the doctor may prescribe an OTC anesthetic or prescribe NSAIDs such as ibuprofen to numb the area.
In this testing a cancer tumor is examined for DNA mutations that are driving its growth
CA-125 tests measure blood levels of the CA-125 protein. The presence of high levels of CA-125 may indicate cancers of the uterus, ovary, fallopian tubes, or peritoneum, as well as less serious conditions such as endometriosis.
The majority of endometrial cancer patients require surgery. Depending on your cancer type and overall health, determine your treatment plan.